Daclizumab high-yield process in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (SELECT): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

English: Self-created from an MRI scan of my o...

Summary

Background

Daclizumab, a humanised monoclonal antibody, modulates interleukin-2 signalling by blocking the α subunit (CD25) of the interleukin-2 receptor. We assessed whether daclizumab high-yield process (HYP) would be effective when given as monotherapy for a 1 year treatment period in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Methods

We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at 76 centres in the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, India, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and the UK between Feb 15, 2008, and May 14, 2010. Patients aged 18—55 years with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis were randomly assigned (1:1:1), via a central interactive voice response system, to subcutaneous injections of daclizumab HYP 150 mg or 300 mg, or placebo, every 4 weeks for 52 weeks. Patients and study personnel were masked to treatment assignment, except for the site pharmacist who prepared the study drug for injection, but had no interaction with the patient. The primary endpoint was annualised relapse rate. Analysis was by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00390221.

Findings

204 patients were assigned to receive placebo, 208 to daclizumab HYP 150 mg, and 209 to daclizumab HYP 300 mg, of whom 188 (92%), 192 (92%), and 197 (94%), respectively, completed follow-up to week 52. The annualised relapse rate was lower for patients given daclizumab HYP 150 mg (0·21, 95% CI 0·16—0·29; 54% reduction, 95% CI 33—68%; p<0·0001) or 300 mg (0·23, 0·17—0·31, 50% reduction, 28—65%; p=0·00015) than for those given placebo (0·46, 0·37—0·57). More patients were relapse free in the daclizumab HYP 150 mg (81%) and 300 mg (80%) groups than in the placebo group (64%; p<0·0001 in the 150 mg group and p=0·0003 in the 300 mg group). 12 (6%) patients in the placebo group, 15 (7%) of those in the daclizumab 150 mg group, and 19 (9%) in the 300 mg group had serious adverse events excluding multiple sclerosis relapse. One patient given daclizumab HYP 150 mg who was recovering from a serious rash died because of local complication of a psoas abscess.

Interpretation

Subcutaneous daclizumab HYP administered every 4 weeks led to clinically important effects on multiple sclerosis disease activity during 1 year of treatment. Our findings support the potential for daclizumab HYP to offer an additional treatment option for relapsing-remitting disease.

Funding

Biogen Idec and AbbVie Biotherapeutics Inc.
The Lancet, Volume 381, Issue 9884, Pages 2167 – 2175, 22 June 2013

doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62190-4
Enhanced by Zemanta
Anuncios

Un pensamiento en “Daclizumab high-yield process in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (SELECT): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial”

Responder

Por favor, inicia sesión con uno de estos métodos para publicar tu comentario:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s